Robert Rauschenberg (1925-2008) was an American artist born in Port Arthur, Texas. His work is often said to link Abstract Expressionism and Pop, and he worked in painting, sculpture, performance, collage, and photography. His scale is equally varied. He worked closely with the artist Jasper Johns and Cy Twombly. An innovator in new media, he often incorporated three-dimensional found objects in his collages, which he termed ‘combines’. 1964 marked a pivotal point in his career, when he won the painting prize at the Venice Biennale. He died in 2008 in Captiva, Florida, his residence of over 30 years.